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Library: Cite Sources

Citing Your Sources

Below you will find information about citing sources in your work. In accordance with Austin College's Academic Integrity Policy, all sources (whether print or electronic) must be cited correctly within the text of your work and in a list of works cited. Citation formats (or "styles") vary depending on the discipline. Check with your professor or reference your course syllabus if you are unsure of which style to follow.

Keep in mind, the library has several style manuals on reserve for you to utilize! These style manuals are available for checkout at the circulation desk.

Why Cite Your Sources?

There are many reasons to cite the sources you use for any research assignment, whether it is a paper or presentation. Following is a list of these reasons and explanations for why citing properly is so important.


Acknowledging Others' Work

When you acknowledge an author's work, you are giving them credit for their own original ideas, research, and effort. You should always give credit to an author for their work

 

Maintaining Credibility

Citations show that you have researched your topic and you know what you are talking about. It also shows that you consulted credible sources during the research process.

 

Avoiding Plagiarism

Plagiarism includes not citing your sources, or not citing your sources properly. Learning how and when to properly cite your sources will help you avoid plagiarism.

 

Finding Your Sources is Easier

The readers of your paper or audience of your speech can more easily find the sources you used. This is handy in the case that they need to verify the information you used, or if they just simply wish to learn more about the topic.

How and When to Cite

Citation styles provide you the rules for formatting your citations, the paper itself, and your works cited/reference page.

APA and MLA are the two most common citation styles, but there are many others, such as Chicago, Turabian, and ACS. Citation styles vary for each discipline. Check with your professor, or reference your course syllabus or assignment, to verify which style you should use.


HOW DO I CITE?

Sources are typically worked into your paper or speech in the following ways:

  1. Quoting -- this is when you copy a short passage from a source word for word, utilizing quotation marks around the copied text.
  2. Paraphrasing -- this is when you use an idea from a source but put it into your own words. A paraphrased statement can be about as long as the original text.
  3. Summarizing -- this is when you restate the main ideas of a source in your own words. A summary is usually shorter than the original text. 

WHEN DO I CITE?

When writing a research paper, you need to cite:

  • within the paper, using in-text citations, to reference the author's work or idea
  • in the bibliography (or "reference list" / "works cited" page), which will contain the full citation for each source you used

When giving a speech or presentation, you need to cite:

  • in the bibliography, just as you would when writing a paper
  • in the speech outline, using in-text citations
  • during the speech, utilizing verbal cues such as "according to...," etc.

Library Information

 

Abell Library Center

900 N. Grand Avenue, Suite 6L

Sherman, TX 75090-4400

Phone: 903-813-2236

Fall 2017 Hours
Days Times
Monday 7:45 am - Midnight
Tuesday 7:45 am - Midnight
Wednesday 7:45 am - Midnight
Thursday 7:45 am - Midnight
Friday 7:45 am - 6:00 pm
Saturday 11:00 am - 5:00 pm
Sunday Noon - Midnight

The Purdue OWL - Online Writing Lab

The Purdue OWL is a fantastic resource for help with citing your sources if you are using APA or MLA. Detailed citation information for various types of works in a number of different formats is provided. The APA and MLA formatting and style guides are linked to below.

Managing Your Citations

These are some tools you may use to help you organize and cite your references:

Zotero -- a free, open-source research tool that helps you collect, organize, and analyze research and share it in a variety of ways. Windows, Mac, and Linux applications are available, as well as browser extensions and software plugins.

Mendeley -- a free reference manager and academic social network that helps you organize and discover research, and collaborate with others online. Generate citations as you write, and read and annotate PDFs on any device. Windows, Mac, and Linux applications available, as well as iOS and Android mobile apps, browser extensions, and software plugins.

EasyBib -- a free citation, note taking, and research tool which helps educators teach and students learn how to become effective and organized researchers. 

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Please direct comments or questions about this website to Andrew Smith