Below you will find information about citing sources in your work. In accordance with Austin College's Academic Integrity Policy, all sources (whether print or electronic) must be cited correctly within the text of your work and in a list of works cited. Citation formats (or "styles") vary depending on the discipline. Check with your professor or reference your course syllabus if you are unsure of which style to follow.
Keep in mind, there are a variety of style manuals available for you in the library. Many are available at the Reference/Research Help Desk for in library use only, while others may be found in the Reference or Circulating Books collection.
There are many reasons to cite the sources you use for any research assignment, whether it is a paper or presentation. Following is a list of these reasons and explanations for why citing properly is so important.
Acknowledging Others' Work
When you acknowledge an author's work, you are giving them credit for their own original ideas, research, and effort. You should always give credit to an author for their work.
Citations show that you have researched your topic and you know what you are talking about. It also shows that you consulted credible sources during the research process.
Plagiarism includes not citing your sources, or not citing your sources properly. Learning how and when to properly cite your sources will help you avoid plagiarism.
Finding Your Sources is Easier
The readers of your paper or audience of your speech can more easily find the sources you used. This is handy in the case that they need to verify the information you used, or if they just simply wish to learn more about the topic.
Citation styles provide you the rules for formatting your citations, the paper itself, and your works cited/reference page.
APA and MLA are the two most common citation styles, but there are many others, such as Chicago, Turabian, and ACS. Citation styles vary for each discipline. Check with your professor, or reference your course syllabus or assignment, to verify which style you should use.
HOW DO I CITE?
Sources are typically worked into your paper or speech in the following ways:
WHEN DO I CITE?
When writing a research paper, you need to cite:
When giving a speech or presentation, you need to cite:
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The Purdue OWL is a fantastic resource for help with citing your sources if you are using APA (American Psychological Association), MLA (Modern Language Association), Chicago, or AMA (American Medical Association) styles. Detailed citation information for various types of works in a number of different formats is provided. The APA, MLA, and Chicago formatting and style guides are linked to below.
These are some tools you may use to help you organize and cite your references:
Zotero -- a free, open-source research tool that helps you collect, organize, and analyze research and share it in a variety of ways. Windows, Mac, and Linux applications are available, as well as browser extensions and software plugins.
Mendeley -- a free reference manager and academic social network that helps you organize and discover research, and collaborate with others online. Generate citations as you write, and read and annotate PDFs on any device. Windows, Mac, and Linux applications available, as well as iOS and Android mobile apps, browser extensions, and software plugins.
EasyBib -- a free citation, note taking, and research tool which helps educators teach and students learn how to become effective and organized researchers.
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